Understanding the 3 Security Levels of ISPS Code
Complying with ISPS code is a requirement for all ship and port facility security personnel. However, understanding all the aspects of this code can be difficult for many people.
Luckily, digital tools like SafetyCulture can make things much easier for you. This tool enables you to check for ISPS compliance even when you’re offline.
After the terrorism attacks on 9/11 the IMO (International Maritime Organization) decided to develop and implement security measures for ships and port facilities. These are referred to as the ISPS code.
The ISPS Code is divided into two parts – Part A is mandatory and Part B is recommendatory. The main purpose of the code is to provide a standardized framework to evaluate risk, enabling Governments to offset changes in threat by reducing vulnerability for ships and port facilities.
All ship owners must carry out a comprehensive approved ISPS security assessment for each of their ships and prepare an individual ship security plan. The master must be fully trained as a ship security officer to ensure that the plan is implemented effectively.
The ISPS Code takes the approach that ensuring security on ships and port facilities is a risk management activity. As such, to determine what security measures are appropriate, Governments need to assess the threat in each specific case.
This is why there are various tools available to make it easier for shipping companies, ports and ship owners to comply with the ISPS code. Tools such as SafetyCulture can be used to manage risks while also reducing the time required for ISPS compliance. However, these tools need a stable internet connection to work. If this is not possible, they can be used offline and sync later.
This security level is set when there is credible information that a port facility or ship could face an imminent threat. It is an exceptional measure that needs to be implemented for limited periods of time.
Before setting this level, the company-designated person (CSO) on board carries out a Ship Security Assessment (SSA). This on-scene survey is an important part of meeting the functional requirements and objectives of the ISPS Code.
The CSO also fixes any deficiencies, non-conformities and modifications to the SSP. He also serves as liaison with the port facility security officer (PFSO) and ship security officers. He also ensures that PFSOs are trained and familiar with SSPs and their implementation.
Why is ISPS charged?
Many ships and terminals charge for ISPS, a surcharge that is part of the freight. This is due to the cost of implementing and operating ISPS.
The ISPS Code is an international standard that was conceived after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. It establishes minimum standards that shipping companies, ports and seamen must comply with in order to protect their vessels, crew, cargo and port facilities.
The ISPS Code provides an opportunity to balance security and operations by determining the level of security measures required for a limited period of time. This can help limit the impact of a security incident and maintain functionality in the event of an attack.
Who charges it?
ISPS Code is a set of regulations introduced by IMO (International Maritime Organisation) under SOLAS Convention Chapter XI-2. It defines the responsibilities of governmental authorities, ship operators, port facilities and seamen in terms of maritime security.
Security Level 1 – normal – requires the minimum protective measures to be in place. Security Level 2 – high – is used to describe when there’s a heightened risk of a security incident. In this case, specific security measures will be in place for a limited time.
ISPS charges are a necessary part of ensuring that companies can continue to trade internationally without putting their employees and cargo in danger. As such, some shipping lines will include them in their freight quotes.
Who pays it?
ISPS (International Ship and Port Facility Security Code) is an all-encompassing set of security measures implemented after the 9/11 attacks by the IMO. It assigns responsibilities to governments, shipping companies, and onboard personnel to detect and enact preventative measures against security threats that affect ships or ports used in international trades.
ISPS is charged to shippers and consignees by their carrier, either in the form of Carrier Security Fee or Terminal Security Charge. These fees cover the labor, planning and equipment needed to implement ISPS at a port or terminal.
Managing the three security levels of ISPS can be cumbersome for shippers, especially since it requires them to maintain certain minimum standards on board. This can lead to increased training expenses for crew members and other operational disruptions.